Know your Spain
The following text is an amateur attempt to give the visitor to Spain a brief glimpse of the dramatic past history of this wonderful country. There are, quite possibly, many errors and omissions for which I apologise. I have, however, added many web site addresses for the enthusiast who wishes to investigate further this phenomenal history. I shall be pleased to hear your comments by email and to correct any specific errors.
AD or CE?
In the late 19th century, a movement started to relabel dates in a culturally neutral fashion. Though it has taken over a century, this is now globally recognised, and so CE (Common Era) is used in place of AD (Anno Domini) and BCE in place of BC.
Spain has traces of some of the most ancient human and neanderthal occupancy
Read more about the prehistory of Spain
Carthage and Rome
Spain during the Punic Wars and Roman conquest
Read about Carthagian and Roman Spain
The First Millenium
From the end of the Roman age and invasions of the Visigoths to the Moorish occupation
Read about Spain in the 1st millenium
The Second Millenium
From the Christian reconquest of Spain to Columbus' and Magellan's voyages of discovery
Read about Spain in the first half of the 2nd millenium
From the art of El Greco and the literature of Cervantes to the Spanish Armada
Read about 16th and 17th Century Spain
The wars of the Napoleonic era, Picasso and the end of empire
Read about Spain in the 18th and 19th Centuries
The Twentieth Century
Despotism, Civil War and Democracy - a time of social upheaval and hardship leading to an enlightened modern state
Read about 20th century Spain
Into the Third Millenium
From Al-Qaeda to the America's Cup - Spain shares the tribulations of the modern age, with the promise of good things for the future.
Read about Spain in the 21st century